During the Renaissance, with its focus on science, a lot of Greek words were borrowed into the English language. If you know which words these are, it will help a lot with spelling. After all, if you hear an /f/ sound in a Greek-background word, it's probably spelled with a ph.

Also, people who are learning to become reading teachers do not remember what it is like to look at a mass or words and not know how to read them. So, here is the Greek alphabet and a list of Greek words (written in Greek) that came into the English language. Develop some phonemic awareness in Greek and you will develop a greater understanding of some of the challenges of learning to read.

Greek
Traditional
Classical
Modern
Α α
a
a
a
Β β
b
b
v
Γ γ
g
g
gh, y
Δ δ
d
d
dh
Ε ε
e
e
e
Ζ ζ
z
z, zd
z
Η η
e
ē
i
Θ θ
th
th
th
Ι ι
i
i
i
Κ κ
c
k
k
Λ λ
l
l
l
Μ μ
m
m
m
Ν ν
n
n
n
Ξ ξ
x
x
x
Ο ο
o
o
o
Π π
p
p
p
Ρ ρ
r
r
r
Σ σ ς
s
s
s
Τ τ
t
t
t
Υ υ
y
u
i
Φ φ
ph
ph
ph, f
Χ χ
ch
kh
kh
Ψ ψ
ps
ps
ps
Ω ω
o
ō
o
αι
ae, e
ai
e, ai
αυ
au
au
af, av
ει
i
ei
i
ευ
eu
eu
ef, ev
γγ
ng
ng
ng
γξ
nx
nx
nx
γκ
nc<





Here are the Greek words: